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Milestones of Jazz

1902--Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton claims to have "invented jazz" in this year

1923--Fletcher Henderson forms an orchestra that becomes the first to gain wide fame by playing jazz. Members included Louis Armstrong and Coleman Hawkins

1930s--Tenor saxophonist Lester Young plays with one of the finest of all jazz orchestras, the Kansas City-based Count Basie band

1934--Benny Goodman formed his first organized orchestra

1940s--Beginning of the Modernist movement of jazz, or "bebop," as it was known. Its leaders included "Dizzy" Gillespie and Charlie Parker

1943--Duke Ellington releases Black, Brown and Beige, a musical history of African Americans

1950s--Rise to prominence of Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Sonny Rollins, Thelonious Monk

 



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