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Milestones of Jazz

1902--Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton claims to have "invented jazz" in this year

1923--Fletcher Henderson forms an orchestra that becomes the first to gain wide fame by playing jazz. Members included Louis Armstrong and Coleman Hawkins

1930s--Tenor saxophonist Lester Young plays with one of the finest of all jazz orchestras, the Kansas City-based Count Basie band

1934--Benny Goodman formed his first organized orchestra

1940s--Beginning of the Modernist movement of jazz, or "bebop," as it was known. Its leaders included "Dizzy" Gillespie and Charlie Parker

1943--Duke Ellington releases Black, Brown and Beige, a musical history of African American

1950s--Rise to prominence of Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Sonny Rollins, Thelonious Monk


"Tiger Rag," performed by Benny Goodman

From "They All Played Tiger Rag"
Compiled and Annotated by David A. Jasen
© 1983,Smithsonian Folkways Recordings SFW CD RBF 48

Benny Goodman created quite a stir when he formed his Trio. The famous clarinetist from Chicago had made it big with Fletcher Henderson arrangements and on December 2, 1934, he, Teddy Wilson on piano and Gene Krupa on drums recorded this lively improvisational concoction.


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