HistoryWired About the Program Help Comments Smithsonian Institution
back
Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux

Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux (1797-1880), a French physician, invented the first practical papier-mâché models. As a medical student in the early 19th century, Auzoux found it difficult to study anatomy when the human cadavers he was dissecting deteriorated rapidly and wax models were not readily available.

He began creating anatomical models, inspired by papier-mâché dolls, boxes and other household items then popular in Europe. In 1822, the same year Auzoux received his medical degree, he presented his first complete anatomical male figure to the Paris Academy of Medicine. Five years later, he opened a factory to manufacture human, veterinary, and botanical models.

 

Link to non-Smithsonian Web site

 

 



Start HistoryWired | About the Program | Help | Comments

Smithsonian Institution | Terms of Use | Privacy